“Seas and walls. Infinite deadly barriers for migrants” is the title of the dossier suggests that Italian Caritas on the occasion of World Refugee Day on 20 June. In a time when we talk of “walls” in Europe, with this tool you want to investigate the phenomenon of migration with a special look to cross the borders (“seas and walls”, in fact) and with a focus on the reality, little known and dramatic, as migration in the Horn of Africa to the Gulf of Aden.
In the text over to the Mediterranean Sea, it is reminiscent of the Saharawi wall, also known as “the wall of shame”, which separates Morocco and part of the former Western Sahara, the walls of Ceuta and Melilla, the last two enclaves under Spanish sovereignty in African territory, the wall Tijuana, which stretches over 1,000 kilometers on the border between Mexico and the United States. And many others (over 50 according to the latest data), such as the Israeli-Palestinian wall, the wall between India and Bangladesh, the one between Iran and Pakistan and the one announced in recent days by Hungary on the border with Serbia.
The dossier, the sixth achieved this year, also wants to remember and promote the fundamental right to freedom of movement, guaranteed by international conventions and fully expressed in the Social Doctrine of the Church: “Every human being has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the confines of his nationality, and also has the right to immigrate to other political communities. For the fact that you are a citizen of a particular political community, loses nothing of its contents belong to the same human family and then the membership, as citizens, to the world community. ” Because before God, all men are equal.
In the text it is also the theme of migration, remembering a little known reality, that of the countries of the Horn of Africa: Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti. The Republic of Djibouti is a small state in particular that overlooks the Red Sea. It is the necessary step of many migrants fleeing conflict and repression in their countries to pour nell’antistante Yemen. In 2014, 82,680 people have been moved from Djibouti to Yemen and identified. It ignores the number of illegal immigrants and would be 265 confirmed victims.
The Dossier follow those already published and available entirely online, that focus on the crisis in Greece, the conflict in Syria, the condition of prisoners in Haiti, labor exploitation in Asia and the youth situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Download the dossier.