Today, “everything is connected”: why the ecology must be “integral ecology”, not a environmentalism “superficial or apparent.” Ability to “take care of everything that exists”, ie together ecology environmental, economic, social, cultural. An “ecology of man” that should result in an “ecology of everyday life” who cares about the “common good” and justice between generations. Begins with the quote of the saint who took “as a guide and inspiration” from the beginning of his pontificate, the encyclical of Pope Francis “Praised be ‘the care of common home” – 192 pages, 6 chapters, paragraphs 246 – The first two words in the title and in the text, are the beginning of the “Canticle of the Sun”, quoted in full in paragraph 87. Since the introduction, after an excursus on the teaching of his predecessors in the field – from Paul VI Benedict XVI – Francesco mentions the “dear Patriarch Bartholomew” and the Orthodox Church’s commitment to the issues of protection of creation, a theme that returns in the second chapter, dedicated to the “Gospel of creation” and the relationship between science and religion. After the “Lumen Fidei” – the encyclical signed duet with Benedict XVI – and the Apostolic Exhortation “Evangelii Gaudium”, the second encyclical written entirely by Bergoglio is a true manifesto-appeal 360 ° to “unite all the human family in the search for sustainable development and integral “, from” dramatic consequences of environmental degradation in the lives of the poorest of the world. ” They are the “excluded of the planet”, billions of people victims of “culture of waste”.
“The earth, our home, seems to be turning more and more into a huge garbage dump.” It is the cry of alarm of the Pope, which focuses on the problem of pollution from waste and “worrisome warming of the climate system” climate change “is a global problem” whose “impact heavier will fall in the coming decades on developing countries “. To overcome the ” global inequities “should be guaranteed access to drinking water by the poorest, protect biodiversity and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
Today “there is a real ecological debt, especially between the North and the South.” “The external debt of poor countries has become an instrument of control, but not the same thing happens with the ecological debt”. Indeed, “the peoples in developing continue to fuel the development of the richest countries in the price of their present and their future.” It takes “another route”, to counter the “globalization of indifference”: in this regard, Francesco stigmatizes the “weakness of the international political reaction” and how “the submission of politics to technology and finance proves the failure of world summits on the environment “. “It is foreseeable that, in front of the depletion of some resources, you should be creating a favorable scenario for new wars.” One thing is certain: “The current world system is unsustainable.”
“The finance stifles the real economy” and “the technocratic paradigm tends to exert its dominance also on the economy and politics”, writes the Pope. In response to the globalization of the technocratic paradigm, serves a “cultural revolution”, an antidote to “debauchery megalomaniac”. No, then, a “anthropocentrism deviated” that justifies abortion in the name of “defense of nature” and the attitude of those who claim “to erase sexual difference because it can no longer deal with it.” No also to “technological progress aimed at reducing production costs due to the decrease in jobs”: “Give up to invest in people to get more immediate profit is a bad deal for the company.”
“Fighting corruption better.” At various times and in different parts of the encyclical, Bergoglio urges to engage in a “sincere struggle” against this scourge, both in developed countries than in developing countries.
“Politics should not submit to the economy, and this should not submit to the dictates and the paradigm of efficiency-technocracy”. Politics and the economy, “in dialogue”, should ask themselves “at the service of life, especially human life.” “The financial bubble is a bubble production”, which remains out “the problem of the real economy,” says the Pope about the financial crisis of 2007-2008: “The principle of profit maximization is a distortion of the concept ‘ economy. “
“Slowing the pace” and “rifedinire progress”. “In front of the greedy and irresponsible growth that has taken place over many decades, we must think to slow down a bit ‘up, to put some reasonable limits and also to turn back before it is too late.” It’s the recipe, in contrast, Pope Francis, according to which “is unsustainable behavior of those who consume and destroy more and more, while others fail to live in accordance with their human dignity.” “The time has come to accept a certain decrease in some parts of the world procuring resources so that we can grow in a healthy way elsewhere”: “Changing the model of global development”, as Benedict XVI called for invoking the need for “sobriety” , it means “redefine progress.”
“Ecological Conversion”. In the final part of the encyclical, the Pope calls for a real “ecological conversion” and invites you to make a change from the bottom of the “lifestyles”. “All is not lost,” because “you can produce an alternative lifestyle”, through the ability to “take care of creation with small daily actions” from the family, “the place of integral formation” of the person and dell ‘ practice of virtue.
M. Michela Nicolais